Sources for Further Study

Duska, Ronald F., and Mariellen Whelan. Moral Development: A Guide toPiaget and Kohlberg. New York: Paulist Press, 1975. Presents Jean Piaget's theory and its implications for Lawrence Kohlberg's expansion into his own theory of moral development. All of the moral stories used by Piaget and Kohlberg in their research are replicated in this book. Also includes research findings and ways in which to apply these theories to everyday situations in teaching children. This book can be read easily by the high school or college student.

Gilligan, Carol, Janie Victoria Ward, and Jill McLean Taylor, eds. Mapping the Moral Domain. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1990. A collection of essays presenting the contribution of women's studies to Kohl-bergian theories of moral development. Nucci, Larry P. Education in the Moral Domain. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Brings together theoretical and practical approaches to creating a classroom environment that nurtures moral development in children.

Reed, Donald R. C. Following Kohlberg: Liberalism and the Practice of Democratic Community. South Bend, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1998. Offers a comprehensive overview of Kohlberg's research, from an empirical and psychological perspective as well as a more abstract philosophy. Rich, John Martin, and Joseph L. DeVitis. Theories of Moral Development. 2d ed. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas, 1996. Presents a range of psychologists' theories on moral development, including Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, and David Sears. In addition, it places moral development within the framework of higher education and relates it to a lifespan perspective. Certain sections of the book would be difficult for a novice student to follow; however, in terms of a summary review of theoretical positions, the book is a handy reference.

Donna Frick-Horbury

See also: Adolescence: Cognitive Skills; Cognitive Development: Jean Pia-get; Crowd Behavior; Development; Helping; Women's Psychology: Carol Gilligan.

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