Sources for Further Study

Behnamin, Ludy T., Jr. "The Psychology Laboratory at the Turn of the Twentieth Century." American Psychologist 55 (2000): 318-321. This is anontech-nical and brief introduction to laboratory research in psychology from 1879 to 1900. The author discusses the importance of the laboratory for establishing psychology as a scientific discipline separate from philosophy.

Boring, E. G. A History of Experimental Psychology. 2d ed. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1950. This is the classic text on the history of psychology, written by one of Edward Titchener's students. The first edition of 1925 is also widely available.

Donnelly, M. E. Reinterpreting the Legacy of William James. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1992. This book explores how James's masterwork might have been revised in light of his later pluralistic, pragmatic approach to psychology and philosophy. A distinguished group of psychologists, philosophers, and historians contribute twenty-three chapters that probe this and other questions in a broad-based collection focused on the relevance of the works ofJames.

Hergenhahn, B. R. An Introduction to the History of Psychology. 4th ed. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2001. Another excellent standard textbook on the history of psychology. Written for college students; includes in-depth chapters on structuralism and functionalism.

Leys, R., and R. B. Evans. Defining American Psychology: The Correspondence Between AdolfMeyer and Edward Bradford Titchener. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990. Adolf Meyer was a highly influential psychiatrist who exchanged a series of letters with Titchener in 1909 and again in 1918. This book represents an interesting firsthand look at how the new science of psychology was being discussed and situated among other disciplines.

Shultz, D. P., and S. E. Shultz. A History of Modern Psychology. 7th ed. Fort Worth, Tex.: Harcourt College, 1999. A clear, well-organized history of modern psychology, placing schools of thought within their social contexts.

Watson, R. I., and R. B. Evans. The Great Psychologists: A History of Psychological Thought. 5th ed. New York: HarperCollins, 1991. Psychologists and schools of psychology from ancient Greek times to the present. Chapters 19 and 20 specifically focus on structuralism and functionalism.

Jay W. Jackson

See also: Behaviorism; Madness: Historical Concepts; Psychoanalytic Psychology; Psychology: Definition.

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