Horney, Karen. Neurosis and Human Growth: The Struggle Toward Self-Realization. 1950. Reprint. New York: W. W. Norton, 1991. Presents Horney's theory in its final form. Describes the ways in which various neurotic processes operate, including the tyranny of the should, neurotic claims, self-alienation, and self-contempt. Discusses faulty, neurotic solutions that are developed as a way to relieve internal tensions through domination, dependency, resignation, or self-effacement.
_. The Neurotic Personality of Our Time. 1937. Reprint. New York:
W. W. Norton, 1994. Outlines the manner in which culture influences personality difficulties and describes typical behavior problems that result from the exaggeration of cultural difficulties in one's life.
_. New Ways in Psychoanalysis. 1939. Reprint. New York: W. W.
Norton, 2000. Describes major areas of agreement and disagreement with Sigmund Freud as well as important elements of Horney's theory; highly controversial when first published. _. Our Inner Conflicts: A Constructive Theory of Neurosis. 1945. Reprint. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993. Identifies and describes, through rich detail and examples, the three neurotic trends ofmoving toward others, moving away from others, and moving against others. Highly readable and a good introduction to Horney's main ideas. _. Self-Analysis. 1942. Reprint. New York: W. W. Norton, 1994. Provides guidance for readers who may wish to engage in informal free association, self-discovery, and personal problem solving.
Quinn, Susan. A Mind of Her Own: The Life of Karen Horney. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1988. Readable, honest, fascinating biography of Horney's life; provides insights into personal factors that influenced Horney's theoretical and clinical work. Westkott, Marcia. The Feminist Legacy of Karen Horney. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1986. This book integrates Karen Horney's early papers on the psychology of women with the more complete personality theory that emerged over time.
See also: Individual Psychology: Alfred Adler; Psychoanalysis; Psychoanalytic Psychology and Personality: Sigmund Freud; Social Psychological Models: Erich Fromm; Women's Psychology: Karen Horney; Women's Psychology: Sigmund Freud.
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