Sources for Further Study

Boekaerts, Monique, Paul R. Pintrich, and Moshe Zeidner. Handbook of Self-Regulation. San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press, 2000. Chapters 5 and 15 deal specifically with motivation, offering unique perspectives that are both physiological and social. The approach of this volume is essentially humanistic.

Ferguson, Eva Dreikurs. Motivation: A Biosocial and Cognitive Integration of Motivation and Emotion. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. This book requires some background in the field of motivation. It is carefully researched and accurately presented. Its focus is more on the physiological aspects of motivation than on the social. Glover, John A., Royce R. Ronning, and Cecil R. Reynolds, eds. Handbook of Creativity. New York: Plenum Press, 1989. Of special interest to those seeking information about motivation will be chapter 7, "Cognitive Processes in Creativity," and those parts of chapter 5, "The Nature-Nurture Problem in Creativity," that deal with cognitive and motivational processes. Greenwood, Gordon E., and H. Thompson Fillmer. Educational Psychology: Cases for Teacher Decision-Making. Columbus, Ohio: Merrill, 1999. Of particular value in this book of case studies is part 5, which deals with motivation and classroom management. In this section, chapter 25, "Motivation or Control?," is particularly relevant to readers interested in motivation. The approach in this book is eminently practical. The writing is easily accessible to beginners in the field.

Kendrick, Douglas T., Steven L. Neuberg, and Robert B. Cialdini. Social Psychology: Unraveling the Mystery. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1999. This is one of the best-written, most accessible books in introductory psychology. It is replete with examples to illustrate what is being said. The prose style is enticing, and the intellectual content is exceptional. The chapter titled "The Motivational Systems: Motives and Goals" is particularly relevant to those studying motivation. Strongly recommended for those unfamiliar with the field.

Lawler, Edward E., III. Rewarding Excellence: Pay Strategies for the New Economy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000. Approached from the standpoint of a professor of management, this book discusses various motivational protocols employed by industry. Some of them are easily transferable to broader contexts. The tactics suggested are largely behavioral. They deal extensively with reward/punishment scenarios.

Lesko, Wayne A., ed. Readings in Social Psychology: General, Classic, and Contemporary Selections. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2000. This entire collection is worth reading. Nearly every selection in it relates in some way to motivation.

Rosenthal, Robert, and Lenore Jacobson. Pygmalion in the Classroom. 1968. Reprint. New York: Irvington, 1992. This report of an experiment that deals with teacher expectations and their relation to student achievement is compelling and provocative.

Wagner, Hugh. The Psychobiology of Human Motivation. New York: Routledge, 1999. Demonstrates how humans can adapt to complex social environments by controlling and channeling their basic physiological drives. Wagner points out the fallacy of attempting to explain human motivation in terms of models based on animal physiology. He also questions Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Wagner's skepticism is at once challenging, thought-provoking, and refreshing.

Wong, Roderick. Motivation: A Biobehavioural Approach. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Wong's focus is sharply on behaviorism and on the physiological aspects of motivation, although chapter 9, "Social Motivation: Attachment and Altruism," moves into the area of social psychology. This in not a book for beginners, although its ideas are well presented, often with cogent examples.

R. Baird Shuman

See also: Behaviorism; Conditioning; Drives; Pavlovian Conditioning; S-R

Theory: Neal E. Miller and John Dollard.

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