Sources for Further Study

Dollard, John, et al. Frustration and Aggression. 1939. Reprint. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980. An early application of S-R theory to complex human behavior. The presentation of the hypothesis that aggression is inevitably caused by frustration is seen here. Dollard, John, and Neal E. Miller. Personality and Psychotherapy: An Analysis in Terms of Learning, Thinking, and Culture. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1950. The best-known of the works of Miller and Dollard. Presents a theory of personality and an S-R presentation of psychoanalytic theory and psychoanalytic therapy.

Hall, Calvin Springer, Gardner Lindzey, and John Campbell. Theories of Personality. 4th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998. This book has a chapter on S-R theory and presents a detailed overview of the theory of Miller and Dollard.

Miller, Neal E. "Studies of Fear as an Acquirable Drive: I. Fear as a Motivator and Fear-Reduction as Reinforcement in the Learning of New Responses." Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (1948): 89-101. A classic paper that served as the experimental basis for postulating that fear is a secondary drive.

Miller, Neal E., and John Dollard. Social Learning and Imitation. 1949. Reprint. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979. Presents an application of S-R theory to social motivation with a special emphasis on imitation.

Sanford Golin

See also: Behaviorism; Conditioning; Drives; Learning; Social Learning: Albert Bandura.

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