Sources for Further Study

Ackerman, Diane. A Natural History of the Senses. Reprint. New York: Vintage, 1991. A best-selling rumination on the senses, written by a poet. A remarkable mixture of science and art. Brown, Evan L., and Kenneth Deffenbacher. Perception and the Senses. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979. This text differs from most textbooks on sensation in that it integrates ethological, cross-species information with the traditional coverage of human sensory physiology and psychophysics. Although technical, the book is user-friendly. Each chapter has its own outline, glossary, and set of suggested readings. Buddenbrock, Wolfgang von. The Senses. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1958. Easy-to-read descriptions of different Umwelts, with many fas cinating examples. Because the focus is almost entirely on ultimate explanations rather than sensory mechanisms, new technologies have not made this book outdated.

Gescheider, George. Psychophysics: The Fundamentals. 3d ed. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997. A thorough introduction to psychophysics, focusing on measurement techniques and the theory of signal detection.

Hall, Edward Twitchell. The Hidden Dimension. 1969. Reprint. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Books, 1990. Written by an anthropologist, this book on cross-cultural differences in use of space includes three chapters on the perception of space as influenced by each sensory modality. These provide good examples of using human factors and environmental psychology to address real-world problems, particularly problems in architecture and interpersonal communication.

Scharf, Bertram, ed. Experimental Sensory Psychology. Glenview, 1ll.: Scott, Foresman, 1975. Includes an introduction, a chapter on psychophysics, a chapter on each sensory modality, and a postscript on the direction of modern studies. Provides excellent detailed descriptions of sensory mechanisms and psychophysical laws. Includes many diagrams, formulas, and technical terms but is still very readable.

Seligman, Martin E. P. "On the Generality of the Laws of Learning." Psychological Review 77, no. 5 (1970): 406-418. The article that triggered the ongoing debate over the generalizability of the results of learning studies across different species and different types of stimuli. Although written for a professional audience, the paper describes the basic assumptions of learning studies, so previous familiarity with learning theory is not necessary.

Stone, Herbert, and Joel L. Sidel. Sensory Evaluation Practices. 2d ed. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press, 1997. Although written for professionals, this text can provide the layperson with insight into the world of product research. Mostly describes techniques for designing studies of the sensory evaluation of food products, but most of the principles are generaliz-able to other products and industries.

Linda Mealey

See also: Sensation and Perception.

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