Sources for Further Study

Domjan, Michael. Principles of Learning and Behavior. 5th ed. Belmont, Calif.: Thomson/Wadsworth, 2003. Provides a complete treatment of the psychological basis and mechanisms of learning. Chapter 3 is devoted entirely to habituation and sensitization, and it provides several specific examples of these processes in both human and animal subjects. Includes many original data tables and graphs and a thorough review of the literature.

Grier, James W. Biology of Animal Behavior. 2d ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992. This college-level text provides comprehensive treatment of the study of animal behavior. Clearly written and well illustrated; should provide a good introduction for the layperson. Six chapters are devoted to the physiological control of behavior, and one chapter deals entirely with learning and memory. McFarland, David, ed. The Oxford Companion to Animal Behavior. Rev. and enlarged ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. Intended as a reference guide, this comprehensive survey of behavior was written by a team of internationally known biologists, psychologists, and neurobiologists. It contains more than two hundred entries covering a variety of topics. Provides a detailed summary of various forms of learning, including habitua-tion and sensitization. The index provides cross-references organized by both subject and species lists. Manning, Aubrey, and Marian Stamp Dawkins. An Introduction to Animal Behavior. 5th ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998. A concise handbook offering a light introduction to many general aspects of animal behavior and learning. Provides a discussion on stimulus filtering, an entire chapter on the physiological basis of behavior and motivation, and a complete summary of various forms of learning. Well researched, clearly written, and effectively illustrated. Raven, Peter H., and George B.Johnson. Biology. 6th ed. Boston: McGraw-

Hill, 2002. Chapter 56 of this general text on the science of biology offers an excellent first introduction to the general concepts of ethology and animal behavior. Includes a brief summary of learning and detailed coverage of habituation, sensitization, and conditioning in Aplysia. A concise summary, suggestions for additional reading, and review questions appear at the end of each chapter. Shepherd, Gordon Murray. Neurobiology. 3d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. This somewhat advanced college-level volume on neuro-biology offers an in-depth account of the physiological basis of learning and memory. A portion of chapter 30 is devoted to the neurological changes associated with habituation and sensitization. Detailed diagrams, data summaries, and complete literature reviews are provided.

Michael A. Steele

See also: Conditioning; Learning; Motivation; Pavlovian Conditioning; Reflexes.

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