Psoriasis & Eczema: In Brief

Psoriasis is a common and chronic skin disease. It is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes skin inflammation, redness, and burns. It can be incredibly itchy and form silver plaques on the skin. It has both physical and psychological effects. There is no cure for this disease but can be controlled by taking some proper actions. Commonly this disease shows up on joint areas such as knee & elbow. It also develops on scalp, neck, face, hands, genitals and feet. As it shows on every visible part of our body, it seriously affects one's social life.

About 125 million people worldwide have psoriasis which is 2 to 3 percent of the total world population. This is the statistics of World Psoriasis Day consortium.

Diagnosis of psoriasis can be done by skin examination. Sometimes a skin biopsy is necessary.

Psoriasis can be successfully managed by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Moisturizing, quitting smoking and managing stress are highly recommended to the patients. Certain medications are also used to reduce the severeness of this disease. Typically Doctors use various topical treatments that include topical steroids like tar, salicylic acid and topical vitamin A and D.

For some individuals, there can be significant feelings of depression or anxiety. Psychological counseling can help sufferers cope with their condition.

Eczema is a skin disorder which makes skin red and itchy. In severe condition, it leads to infection. The exact cause of eczema is not well understood by the doctors. Commonly, eczema patients have other allergies. There are also some other genetical factors that increase the tendency to develop eczema.

Symptoms are very obvious—dry and itchy skin. Affected skin does not retain moisture properly. So it becomes dry easily. Patients scratch to get rid of itchiness. It hampers their sleep and disrupts the quality of life.

It can occur at any age but it’s more common in children.

Research finds that people with eczema already have other allergies. These allergies are hay fever, asthma, food allergy, dust mite allergy etc.

Special skin care is must needed to get of this disease. Patients should apply moisturizer to the affected area. They can use non-soap wash instead of soap in the bath. The condition becomes worse by scratching at night time. So night gloves can be used. Doctors typically use topical calcineurin inhibitors to actively treat redness and inflammation.

As it is linked with allergies, the affected person should avoid all kinds of allergic substances. Long term oral antibiotics may need for people who suffer from recurrent infected eczema.

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