Reconstruction: Mastectomy can be combined with immediate reconstruction by latissimus dorsi or transverse rectus abdominus myocutaneous flap, with or ^U without a subpectoral saline implant or expander. Alternatively, breast recon struction can be delayed by several months.
Wound infection, serosanguinous collection, haemorrhage, nerve injury (e.g. long thoracic nerve, thoracodorsal nerve, intercostobrachial nerve). Long-term: Poor cosmetic result, lymphoedema to ipsilateral arm, shoulder stiffness, psychological problems, tumour recurrence.
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For many years, scientists have been playing out the ingredients that make breast milk the perfect food for babies. They've discovered to day over 200 close compounds to fight infection, help the immune system mature, aid in digestion, and support brain growth - nature made properties that science simply cannot copy. The important long term benefits of breast feeding include reduced risk of asthma, allergies, obesity, and some forms of childhood cancer. The more that scientists continue to learn, the better breast milk looks.