Anatomic Background

Prior to considering the indications for APR, it is necessary to describe the specific features of spread of adenocarcinoma of the low rectum. During the last century, there has been the following dominant concept: when the tumour is located to within 5.0 cm of the anal verge, all the elements of anal canal, the ischiorectal tissue and the perianal skin should be removed [7]. In order to evaluate how often the mentioned anatomic structures are involved in malignancy and in which cases it is possible to save them, we have performed a morphological investigation.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

Whether you call it erectile dysfunction, ED, impotence, or any number of slang terms, erection problems are something many men have to face during the course of their lifetimes.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment