Pathological Evaluation of Rectal Cancer

Surgical resection remains the most effective therapy for colorectal carcinoma, and the best estimation of prognosis is related to the pathologic findings on the resected specimen [20]. These parameters are best evaluated by a standardised sampling and by a standard pathology report or checklist [21-23] (Table 1). The pathologic report should provide all the relevant information needed to assess the stage of disease including grade, extent of invasion, presence of extramural vascular invasion, configuration of tumour borders and the presence of a peritumoral lymphocytic response (Table 2). Microscopic assess ment of margins and lymph nodes must also be included [3, 22].

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

Dealing With Erectile Dysfunction

Whether you call it erectile dysfunction, ED, impotence, or any number of slang terms, erection problems are something many men have to face during the course of their lifetimes.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment