Intraocular Tamponade

Another technique to help appose retina and choroid that could be used in conjunction with other procedures was injection of air into the vitreous cavity. Originally described by Ohm in 1911 and then by Rohmer in 1912, injection of air at the end of the operation was adopted by Arruga in 1935, and to close retinal breaks by Rosengren in 1938 32, 34,139 . Rosengren carefully localized retinal breaks, then placed penetrating diathermy in a pattern covering an area 6-7 mm in diameter with drainage...

Retinal Detachment Repair Outlook for the Future

Picture Anterior Capsule Phimosis

Due to the pioneering work of many ophthalmologists, including Gonin, Lincoff, and others, the basic pathophysiology of rhegma-togenous retinal detachment has been established. A retinal tear is caused by a vitreous detachment and traction on the retinal tear, and peripheral retina is responsible for fluid currents, which go through the break and detach the retina. More fundamental questions remain to be answered and will have important implications for our ability to detect, prevent, and treat...

The History of Retinal Detachment Surgery

Gonin Retina

The history of retinal detachment surgery is one of the great success stories in the history of medicine. The first descriptions of retinal detachment were by Ware in 1805, Wardrop in 1818, and Panizza in 1826 1-3 . These descriptions relied mainly on pathological observations. The introduction of the ophthalmoscope by Fig. 1.1. Jules Gonin. (Reproduced with permission Wilkinson CP, Rice TA (1997) Michels retinal detachment, 2nd edn. Mosby St. Louis MO. pp 241-333 10 ) Fig. 1.1. Jules Gonin....

Prophylaxis in Fellow Eye of Primary Retinal Detachment What Not to Do and What to Do

It is generally very helpful in understanding the present to make a retrospective survey of the thinking of the past, which has led us to our present concepts. The progression of ideas in the case of prophylactic treatment of retinal detachment first developed from a few correct elementary clinical observations, but then proceeded on the basis of mostly theoretical reasoning because of the profound dearth of empirical data. Along with the early realization that some retinal detachments could be...