- involves a H+,K+-ATPase in the luminal membrane of the «-intercalated cells.
- occurs only on a low-K+ diet (K+ depletion). Under these conditions, K+ excretion can be as low as 1% of the filtered load because the kidney conserves as much K+ as possible.
- occurs in the principal cells.
- is variable and accounts for the wide range of urinary K+ excretion.
- depends on factors such as dietary K+, aldosterone levels, acid-base status, and urine flow rate.
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...