Blood flow

- can be expressed by the following equation:

„ ,. , Mean arterial pressure — Right atrial pressure

Total peripheral resistance (TPR)


Q = flow or cardiac output (ml/min) AP = pressure gradient (mm Hg) R = resistance or total peripheral resistance (mm Hg/ml/min)

- The equation for blood flow (or cardiac output) is analogous to Ohm's law for electrical circuits (I = V/R), where flow is analogous to current and pressure is analogous to voltage.

- The pressure gradient (AP) drives blood flow.

- Thus, blood flows from high pressure to low pressure.

- Blood flow is inversely proportional to the resistance of the blood vessels.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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