Positioning techniques depending on various surgical indications

Positioning The Prone Surgical

Penis e.g. penis deviation (Nesbit), hypospadia correction, epispadia correction. Testicles e.g. vasectomy, varicocele ligature, vasovasostomy and epididy-movasostomy, microepididymal and testicular sperm extraction (MESA and TESE), spermatocelectomy, epididymectomy. Abdominal operations e.g. suprapubic cystostomy, retroperitoneal lymph-adenectomy, transperitoneal nephrectomy possibly with cavotomy and tumour thrombectomy, intraperitonealisation of the ureters, augmentation of the bladder,...