Positive Parenting Tips for Toddlers

Talking To Toddlers

Talking to Toddlers is a program that offers effective parenting tips to help shape behavior in toddlers. It is a creation of Chris Thompson, a parenting professional and certified NLP practitioner. No doubt he has all it takes to address the issue of parenting. The program helps parents understand problems often experienced by children, include the reasons behind their behaviors. In most cases, parents communicate to children in inappropriate ways without know. This may lead kids to behave contrary to parents expectations. This is among the major problems this program helps to fix. You will be able to learn about the word you often misuse and evoke bad reactions from kids. Kids are often misunderstood and this makes it difficult for them to learn. This guide has helped thousands of parents across the world and it is going to help you too. Buy it today and start learning the best strategies you can use to train your children. Continue reading...

Talking To Toddlers Summary

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4.8 stars out of 16 votes

Contents: Audio Course
Author: Chris Thompson
Official Website: talkingtotoddlers.com
Price: $37.00

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My Talking To Toddlers Review

Highly Recommended

The writer has done a thorough research even about the obscure and minor details related to the subject area. And also facts weren’t just dumped, but presented in an interesting manner.

When compared to other ebooks and paper publications I have read, I consider this to be the bible for this topic. Get this and you will never regret the decision.

Toddler Talk: Techniques & Games

Bridget Giraldo is a licensed, American Speech-language Hearing Association (ASHA) certified, and a speech-language pathologist. She provides knowledge and the expertise to assist others to enhance their communication skills; parents especially benefit from her helpful tips concerning simple ideas on how to include language and speech activities daily as they interact with their young ones. Bridget has worked in inpatient rehab, acute care, sub-acute care, private and public schools, private practice, and out-patient rehab. Her main objective in most of her publications is to empower all parents, professionals, and any caregiver in the aspect of speech and language therapy. The speech-language pathologist has a website called speech therapy talk where she shares plenty of ideas that touch on language and speech therapy as well as other practical, easy activities to do at home. The book Toddler talk: Technique and games are designed to give directions to parents so that they become the driving force of change for their children; it provides parents with professional and therapy ideas. The book will help children to develop life-changing skills crucial for academic and social development. The eBook is available online; download a copy. Every suggestion has been well proven to be practical and effective. Continue reading...

Toddler Talk Techniques & Games Summary

Contents: Ebook
Author: Bridget Giraldo
Official Website: www.speechtherapytalk.com
Price: $19.99

Body Composition during the First Year of Life

Evaluating body composition in infants and toddlers using various techniques, Butte et al. 26 suggested that methods are not interchangeable for group or individual estimations. The magnitude of method difference is a function of age which makes it difficult for systematic biases. Considering that the sequential evaluation of body composition is of interest for monitoring and evaluating growth patterns, efficacy of diet and medical interventions, progression of chronic disease, and recovery from malnutrition, DEXA may be considered as one of the gold standards. It is a precise, safe, noninvasive, easy to perform and widely available method providing accurate information not only on FM and FFM but also on LBM, BMC and bone mineral density in infants and toddlers. However, the accuracy of the instrument and software used remain to be validated.

Why the Protein Energy Ratio

Pragmatic and physiological considerations justify expressing the protein requirements in relation to energy intake for situations as diverse as weaning diets, catch-up growth, and hypercatabolic states 4 . Infants and toddlers in developed countries usually show a high dietary PER during the complementary feeding period, averaging 2.5-3, because of the protein density of solid weaning foods and the low percentage of mothers still breastfeeding beyond the first 6 months of life 5 . In conditions of very high protein intakes, those in the higher classes of consumption seem to carry a major risk to become obese later on. On the other hand, in many developing countries the only available weaning foods are cereals, with a low PER value. When the protein concentration of weaning foods falls below the limits of human milk (with a PER of

Assessment of Nutrients in the Food Market

Ideally malnutrition should be prevented by using locally available food. However, this approach is restricted to the availability and cost of food. Even in industrialized nations the recommended daily allowances in toddler diets, especially for iron, is difficult to achieve 20 . During complementary feeding, children require a nutrient-dense diet to meet their high nutritional requirements. In addition, the cost of food may also limit proper feeding. Traditionally, research was conducted using a trial-and-error approach or by expert

Psychological Models of Abnormality

In regression, a person reverts back to activities and feelings of a younger age. For example, a toddler who reclaims his old discarded bottle when a new baby sister comes on the scene is regressing. In displacement, a person has very strong feelings toward one person but feels for some reason unable to express them. Subsequently, she finds herself expressing these feelings toward a safer person. For example, a person who is extremely angry with her boss at work may keep these feelings to herself until she gets home but then find herself very angry with her husband, children, and pets. In reaction formation, people have very strong feelings that are somehow unacceptable, and they react in the opposite way. For example, a person who is campaigning against adult bookstores in the community may be secretly fascinated with pornography. In sublimation, a person rechannels energy, typically sexual energy, into socially acceptable outlets. For example, a...

Professional Self Care

Secondary traumatic stress disorder can develop from either a one-time exposure, as might be the case with a crisis worker with ongoing exposure with treatment cases, or in some other setting. For example, a pediatric neuropsychologist who works for an attorney assessing obstetrician malpractice claimants might develop STSD or compassion fatigue from assessing hundreds of young children and toddlers with neuropsychological deficits secondary to medical trauma at birth. Such an individual is exposed to the trauma of the child and the parents alike, not to mention the powerful effects of repeated exposure to heart-wrenching stories, dashed hopes, struggles to make sense in the family and by the parents, and actual disabling deficits. Danieli (1985) makes the important observation that a professional's exposure to traumatic stories serves as a powerful reminder of the reality of such events and of one's potential vulnerability. Certainly, being reminded on a regular basis of one's...

Impact Of Preterm Birth On Families

Families caring for a child who was born preterm continue to manage the effects of prematurity when the children are toddlers (Lee et al., 1991 McCormick et al., 1986 Singer et al., 1999), school age (Cronin et al, 1995 Lee et al., 1991 McCain, 1990 Rivers et al., 1987 Taylor et al., 2001), and adolescents (Saigal et al., 2000a). Studies focusing on these children have mainly included children who were born weighing less than 2,500 grams (Cronin et al., 1995 Lee et al., 1991 McCormick et al., 1986 Rivers et al., 1987 Singer et al., 1999 Taylor et al., 2001) and only one focused on children born weighing less than 1,000 grams (Saigal et al., 2000a). Their findings suggest that the impact on families is long term and that the parents, siblings, finances, and family functioning are all affected (Cronin et al., 1995 Saigal et al., 2000a Singer et al., 1999 Taylor et al., 2001). Furthermore, the families of children with more severe levels of impairment are the most affected (Cronin et...

Potential Causes for the Protective Effects of Breastfeeding on Later Obesity

Differences in feeding behavior and mother-child interactions between populations of breast- and formula-fed infants might play a role. Breast-fed infants show a different suckling pattern and a higher suckling frequency 31, 32 . Breast-fed infants seem to have a greater degree of control on meal sizes and intervals than those fed formula. Sievers et al. 33 monitored marked differences in feeding patterns, with a 20-30 higher feeding volume of formula-fed infants after 6 weeks of life as well as a smaller number of total meals and of nightly meals in bottle-fed babies at 4 months of age. Such differences may modulate later body size. Agras et al. 34 reported that early feeding patterns were predictive of BMI at 3 years of age, with high-pressure sucking measured in the laboratory at 2 and 4 weeks of age (denoting a vigorous feeding style) associated with a greater degree of adiposity in toddlers.

Health Related Quality of Life

On a preschool quality of life questionnaire (TAPQOL) (Fekkes et al., 2000) administered to parents and neonatologists in The Netherlands, 1- to 4-year-old children born before 32 weeks gestation were reported to have significantly lower HRQL than the reference group (Theunisson et al., 2001). However, the study found differences between the neonatologists' and parents' perceptions of HRQL in terms of what conditions needed treatment. A Canadian study from British Columbia (Klassen et al 2004) used both the Infant Toddler Quality of Life Questionnaire (ITQOL) (Landgraf et al 1999) and the Health Status Classification System for Preschool children (Saigal et al. 2005), and found that the 1,140 children who required NICU care at birth had poorer health status and HRQL on a range of domains compared with the findings for 393 children who had been born full term.

Ontogeny And Pharmacology

The FDA subdivides the pediatric population into five age groups (1) preterm newborn infants, (2) term newborn infants (0-27 days of age), (3) infants and toddlers (28 days to 23 months), (4) children (2-11 years of age), and (5) adolescents (12 to 16 or 18 years of age, depending on region). The category of preterm infant is heterogeneous due to the impact of gestational age, unique neonatal diseases, and organ susceptibility to toxicity. Term infants undergo rapid physiologic changes in total body water and in renal and hepatic function during the first few days of life. CNS maturation with completion of myelination occurs in the infant and toddler age group. Children experience accelerated skeletal growth, weight gain, psychomotor development, and the onset of puberty, and sexual maturation is achieved during the adolescent period (17). These five pediatric stages are arbitrary groupings and do not necessarily coincide with the periods of greatest physiologic change that affect the...

Stress

Although intervention trials on stress per se and preterm birth are absent or their findings are inconclusive, a handful of more rigorous observational studies on stressors (environmental demands) and preterm birth now exist. A second group of acceptable studies that have evaluated emotional, affective, or cognitive stress-related states and preterm birth exist. In addition, a number of notable animal and human studies on specific linkages between stress or emotion and various hypothesized mediators of preterm birth have been published. These mediators include BV (Culhane et al., 2001), cytokines (Coussons-Read et al., 2005), corticotropin-releasing hormone (Hobel et al., 1998 Lockwood, 1999 Mancuso et al., 2004), cortisol (Obel et al., 2005), blood pressure (McCubbin et al., 1996 Stancil et al., 2000), uterine artery resistance (Teixeira et al., 1999), and pregnancy-induced hypertension (Landsbergis and Hatch, 1996). This literature is discussed elsewhere in this report (Chapter 6)....

Functional Outcomes

The acquisition of motor and adaptive milestones is a means of conveying the functional abilities of a toddler. Wood and colleagues (2000) found that at 30 months from term 90 percent of preterm infants born at less than 26 weeks gestation could walk, 97 percent could sit, 96 percent could feed themselves with their hands, and 6 percent could speak. In a similar study of children weighing less than 1,000 grams at birth, at 18 months from term 93 percent could sit, 83 percent could walk, and 86 percent could feed themselves (Vohr et al., 2000). A study of developmental data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey found higher frequencies of motor and social developmental delays in children born preterm (at less than 37 weeks gestation), including the children born moderately preterm at 33 to 36 weeks of gestation (Hediger et al., 2002). Based on their rate of attainment of milestones compared with the rate for other children of the same age, for each week of gestation...

Visual problems

The visual pathways and cortex can both be damaged by PVH and PVL and, even in the absence of significant ROP, visual function can be severely affected. Any concern about sight should prompt investigation with neurophysiological assessment of the visual pathway. Depending on the site of damage to the optic radiation in PVL, the child may seem to have good vision but could have significant problems. If the fibers from the upper retina are damaged then problems with the loss of the lower peripheral vision may be present. This may only be apparent, for example, when going downstairs causes a child to fall (the child is effectively stepping out into nothing) or the child may trample over his her smaller siblings (they just don't see them). This may initially be thought to be due to a co-existing motor handicap or ''clumsiness''. Cortical damage can cause blindness in an extreme case, but may also cause ''processing problems''. A child may see single objects well but, as the amount of...

Summary

1Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act elevated the family component of early intervention to a new level. This legislation replaced the Individualized Education Program for children ages 3 to 21 years with the Individualized Family Service Plan for infants and toddlers with disabilities.

Sensorimotor Stage

The baby seems to lack an awareness that objects continue to exist when they are outside the range of his or her senses. When the familiar toy of an infant is hidden, he or she does not search for it it is as if it has disappeared from reality. As the sensorimotor infant matures, the infant becomes convinced of the continuing existence of objects that disappear in less obvious ways for longer intervals of time. By eighteen months of age, most toddlers have achieved such a conviction of continuing existence, or object permanence.

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