1. G Taubes. The soft science of dietary fat. Science 291:2536-2545, 2001.

2. G Robbelen, RK Downey, A Ashri. Oil Crops of the World. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989, pp 1-21.

3. WS Singleton. Properties of the liquid state. In: KS Markley, ed. Fatty Acids. Part 1. 2nd ed. Malabar: Robert E Krieger, 1983, pp 499-607.

4. FD Gunstone, JL Harwood, FB Padley. The Lipid Handbook. 2nd ed. London: Chapman & Hall, 1995, pp 47-146.

5. T Voelker, AJ Kinney. Variations in the biosynthesis of seed-storage lipids. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Mol Biol 52:335-361, 2001.

6. MR Pollard, L Anderson, C Fan, DJ Hawkins, HM Davies. A specific acyl-ACP thioesterase implicated in medium chain fatty acid production in immature cotyledons of Umbellularia californica. Arch Biochem Biophys 284:306-312, 1991.

7. TA Voelker, AC Worrell, L Anderon, J Bleibaum, C Fan, DJ Hawkins, SF Radke, HM Davies. Fatty acid biosynthesis redirected to medium chains in transgenic oilseed plants. Science 257:72-74, 1992.

8. A Jones, HM Davies, TA Voelker. Palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterase and the evolutionary origin of plant acyl-ACP thioesterases. Plant Cell 7:359-371, 1995.

9. K Dehesh, A Jones, DS Knutzon, TA Voelker. Production of high levels of 8:0 and 10:0 fatty acids in transgenic canola by over-expression of Ch FatB, a thioesterase cDNA from Cuphea hookeriana. Plant J 9:167-172, 1996.

10. MB Slabaugh, JM Leonard, SJ Knapp. Condensing enzymes from Cuphea wrightii associated with medium chain fatty acid biosynthesis. Plant J 13:611620, 1998.

11. K Dehesh, P Edwards, J Fillati, MB Slabaugh, J Byrne. KAS IV: a 3-ketoacyl-ACP synthase from Cuphea sp. is a medium chain specific condensing enzyme. Plant J 15:383-390, 1998.

12. JM Leonard, SJ Knapp, MB Slabaugh. A Cuphea B-ketoacyl-ACP synthase shifts the synthesis of fatty acids towards shorter chains in Arabidopsis seeds expressing Cuphea FatB thioesterases. Plant J 13:621-628, 1998.

13. J Okuley, J Lightener, K Feldman, N Yadav, E Lark, J Browse. Arabidopsis FAD2 gene encodes a protein that is essential for polyunsaturated lipid biosynthesis. Plant Cell 6:147-158, 1994.

14. V Hongtrahul, MB Slabaugh, SJ Knapp. A seed specific delta-12 oleate desaturase gene is duplicated, rearranged, and weakly expressed in high oleic acid sunflower lines. Crop Sci 38:1245-1249, 1998.

15. AJ Kinney. Plants as industrial chemical factories—new oils from genetically engineered soybeans. Fett/Lipid 100:173-176, 1998.

16. WR Fehr, GA Welke, EG Hammond, DN Duvick, SR Cianzio. Inheritance of reduced palmitic acid content in seed oil of soybean. Crop Sci 31:88-89, 1991.

17. DM Bubeck, WR Fehr, EG Hammond. Inheritance of palmitic and stearic acid mutants of soybean. Crop Sci 29:652-656.

18. DS Knutzon, GA Thompson, SE Radke, WB Johnson, VC Knauf, JC Kridl. Modification of Brassica seed oil by antisense expression of a stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:2624-2628, 1992.

19. S Cantisan, E Martinez-Force, A Alvarez-Ortega, R Garces. Lipid characterization in vegetative tissues of high saturated fatty acid sunflower mutants. J Agric Food Chem 47:78-82, 1999.

20. DJ Hawkins, JC Kridl. Characterization of acyl-ACP thioesterases of mango-

steen (Garcinia mangostana) seed and high levels of stearate production in transgenic canola. Plant J 13:743-752, 1998.

21. AJ Kinney. Genetic modification of the storage lipids of plants. Curr Opin Biotechnol 5:144-151, 1994.

22. EB Cahoon, JB Ohlrogge. Metabolic evidence for the involvement of a delta-4 palmitoyl-ACP desaturase in petroselenic acid synthesis in coriander endosperm and transgenic tobacco cells. Plant Physiol 104:827-837, 1994.

23. J Shanklin, EB Cahoon. Desaturation and related modifications of fatty acids. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Mol Biol 49:611-641, 1998.

24. EB Cahoon, AM Cranmer, J Shanklin, JB Ohlrogge. A-6 hexadecenoic acid is synthesized by the activity of a soluble A-6 palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase in Thunbergia alata endosperm. J Biol Chem 269:27519-27526, 1994.

25. EB Cahoon, S Coughlan, J Shanklin. Characterization of a structurally and functionally diverged ACP desaturase from milkweed seed. Plant Mol Biol 33: 1105-1110, 1997.

26. EB Cahoon, Y Lindqvist, G Schneider, J Shanklin. Redesign of soluble fatty acid desaturases from plants for altered substrate specificity and double bond position. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:4872-4877, 1997.

27. EB Cahoon, J Shanklin, JB Ohlrogge. Expression of a coriander desaturase results in petroselenic acid production in transgenic tobacco. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:11184-11188, 1992.

28. MC Suh, DJ Schultz, JB Ohlrogge. Isoforms of acyl carrier protein involved in seed-specific fatty acid biosynthesis. Plant J 17:679-688, 1999.

29. DJ Schulz, MC Suh, JB Ohlrogge. Stearoyl-acyl carrier protein and unusual acyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase activities are differentially influenced by ferredoxin. Plant Physiol 124:681-692, 2000.

30. JL Harwood. Recent advances in the biosynthesis of plant fatty acids. Biochim Biophys Acta 130:7-56, 1996.

31. D Post-Beitenmiller. Biochemistry and molecular biology of wax production in plants. Annu Rev Plant Physiol Mol Biol 47:405-430, 1996.

32. JB Ohlrogge, MR Pollard, PK Stumpf. Studies on the biosynthesis of waxes by developing jojoba seed tissue. Lipids 13:203-210, 1977.

33. MR Pollard, T McKeon, LM Gupta, PK Sumpf. Studies on biosynthesis of waxes by developing jojoba seed. II. The demonstration of wax biosynthesis by cell free homogenates. Lipids 14:651-662, 1979.

34. MW Lassner, K Lardizabal, JG Metz. A jojoba B-ketoacyl-CoA synthase cDNA complements the canola fatty acid elongation mutation in transgenic plants. Plant Cell 8:281-292, 1996.

35. JG Metz, MR Pollard, L Anderson, TR Hayes, MW Lassner. Purification of a jojoba embryo fatty acyl-coenzyme A reductase and expression of its cDNA in high erucic acid rapeseed. Plant Physiol 122:635-644, 2000.

36. KD Lardizabal, JG Metz, T Sakamoto, WC Hutton, MR Pollard, MW Lassner. Purification of a jojoba embryo wax synthase, cloning of its cDNA, and production of high levels of wax in seeds of transgenic Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 122:645-655, 2000.

37. DW James, E Lime, J Keller, I Ploy, E Ralson, HK Dooner. Directed tagging of the Arabidopsis FAE1 gene with the maize transposon activator. Plant Cell 7:309-319, 1995.

38. AA Millar, L Kunst. VLCFA biosynthesis is controlled through the expression and specificity of the condensing enzyme. Plant J 12:121-131, 1997.

39. EB Cahoon, EF Manila, KL Stecca, SE Hall, DT Taylor, AJ Kinney. Production of fatty acid components of meadowfoam oil in somatic soybean embryos. Plant Physiol 124:243-251, 2000.

40. M McConn, J Browse. Polyunsaturated membranes are required for photosyn-thetic competence in a mutant of Arabidopsis. Plant J 15:521-530, 1998.

41. M McConn, RA Creelman, E Bell, JE Mullet, J Browse. Jasmonate is essential for insect resistance in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:5473-5377,

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Quick Permanent Weight Loss

Quick Permanent Weight Loss

A Step By Step Guide To Fast Fat Loss. Do you ever feel like getting rid of the extra weight of your body? If you do, it‟s quite normal because

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment