References

Tobacco Growing Made Easy

How To Grow Tobacco At Home

Get Instant Access

1. M Peferoen. Progress and prospects for field use of Bt genes in crops. Trends Biotechnol 15:173-177, 1997.

2. E Schnepf, N Crickmore, J Van Rie, D Lereclus, J Baum, J Feitelson, DR Zeigler, DH Dean. Bacillus thuringiensis and its pesticidal crystal proteins. Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 62:775-806, 1998.

3. SS Gill, EA Cowles, PV Pietrantonio. The mode of action of Bacillus thuringiensis endotoxins. Annu Rev Entomol 37:615-636, 1992.

4. FJ Perlak, RL Fuchs, DA Dean, SL McPherson, DA Fishhoff. Modification of the coding sequence enhances plant expression of insect control protein genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88:3324-3328, 1991.

5. JJ Estruch, NB Carozzi, N Desai, NB Duck, GW Warren, MG Koziel. Transgenic plants: an emerging approach to pest control. Nat Biotechnol 15:137141, 1997.

6. L Jouanin, M Bonade-Bottino, C Girard, G Morrot, M Giband. Transgenic plants for insect resistance. Plant Sci 131:1-11, 1998.

7. VA Hilder, D Boulter. Genetic engineering of crop plants for insect resistance —a critical review. Crop Prot 18:177-191, 1999.

8. RA de Maagd, D Bosch, W Stiekema. Bacillus thuringiensis toxin-mediated insect resistance in plants. Trends Plant Sci 4:9-13, 1999.

9. HC Sharma, KK Sharma, N Seetharama, R Ortiz. Prospects for using transgenic resistance to insects in crop improvement. Electron J Biotech [on-line], Vol 3 No 2, issue of August 15, 2000. Available at http://www.ejb.org/content/ vol3/issue2/full/3/

10. JT Odell, F Nagy, N-H Chua. Identification of DNA sequences required for activity of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter. Nature 313:810-812, 1985.

11. IK Vasil. Phosphinothricin resistant crops. In: SO Duke, ed. Herbicide Resistant Crops. New York: Lewis Publishers, 1996, pp 85-91.

12. RL Hudspeth, JW Grula. Structure and expression of the maize gene encoding the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase enzyme involved in C4 photosynthesis. Plant Mol Biol 12:579-589, 1989.

13. JJ Estruch, S Kadwell, E Merlin, L Crossland. Cloning and characterization of a maize pollen-specific calcium-dependent calmodulin-independent protein kinase. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91:8837-8841, 1994.

14. JE Carpenter, LP Gianessi. Agricultural biotechnology: updated benefit estimates. National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy (NCFAP), 2001, pp 1-46. Available at http://www.ncfap.org/pup/biotech/updatedbenefits.pdf

15. JE Carpenter. Case studies in benefits and risks of agricultural biotechnology: Roundup Ready soybeans and Bt field corn. National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy (NCFAP), 2001, pp 1-54. Available at http://www.ncfap. org/pup/biotech/benefitsandrisks.pdf

16. W Vogt. New biotech corn gets conditional clearance. Farm Prog, May 31, 2001.

17. T Nowatzki, J Oleson, J Tollefson, M Rice. Corn rootworm management update. 2000. Available at http://www.ent.iastate.edu/pest/rootworm/

18. DA Fischoff, RL Fuchs, PB Lavrik, SA McPherson, FJ Perlak. Genetically transformed plants with toxicity to Coleopteran pests—obtained using chimeric gene containing sequence encoding toxin protein of Bacillus thuringiensis. US patent 5,763,241, 1998.

19. D Ferber. New corn plant draws fire from GM food opponents. Science 287: 1370, 2000.

20. B Hibbard, LL Darrah, BD Barry. Combining ability of resistance leads and identification of a new resistance source for western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) larvae in corn. Maydica 44:133-139, 1999.

21. FJ Perlak, RW Deaton, TA Armstrong, RL Fuchs, SR Sims, JT Greenplate, DA Fischoff. Insect resistant cotton plants. Biotechnology 8:839-943, 1990.

22. JT Greenplate. Quantification of Bacillus thuringiensis insect control protein Cry 1 Ac over time in Bollgard cotton fruit and terminals. J Econ Entomol 92: 1377-1383, 1999.

23. J Fernandez-Cornejo, WD McBride. Genetically engineered crops for pest management in U.S. agriculture: farm level effects. Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Economics Report 786, 2000. Available at http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/aer786/aer786.pdf

24. R Heimlich, J Fernandez-Cornejo, WD McBride, C Klotz-Ingram, S Jans, N Brooks. Genetically engineered crops: has adoption reduced pesticide use? Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Outlook/August 2000, 2000, pp 13-17. Available at http://www.ers.usda.gov/ publications/agoutlook/aug2000/ao273f.pdf

25. GP Fitt, CL Mares, DJ Llewellyn. Field evaluation and potential ecological impact of transgenic cottons (Gossypium hirstum) in Australia. Biocontrol Sci Technol 4:535-548, 1994.

26. B Pyke, ed. The performance of INGARD cotton in Australia during the 1999/ 2000 season. Cotton Research and Development Corporation (CRDC). CRDC Ocacasional Papers: Transgenics. Narrabri, NSW, Australia: CRDC, 2000.

27. H Holt. Season-long monitoring of transgenic cotton plants—development of an assay for the quantification of Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal protein. Proceedings of the 9th Australian Cotton Conference, Broadbeach, Queensland, Australia, 1998, pp 331-335.

28. EJ Finnegan, DJ Llewellyn, GP Fitt. Expression of a Bt transgene in field grown cotton in Australia. In: PJ Larkin, ed. Agricultural Biotechnology: Laboratory, Field and Market. Proceedings 4th Asia-Pacific Conference on Agricultural Biotechnology (Darwin, July 13-16, 1998), 1998, pp 225-227.

29. KM Olsen, JC Daly. Plant-toxin interactions in transgenic Bt-cotton and their effect on mortality of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J Econ Entomol 93:1293-1299, 2000.

30. CM Tang, J Sun, XF Zhu, WZ Guo, TZ Zhang, JL Shen, CF Gao, WJ Zhou, ZX Chen, SD Guo. Inheritance of resistance to Helicoverpa armigera of three kinds of transgenic Bt strains available in upland cotton in China. Chin Sci Bull 45:363-367, 2000.

31. TH Zhang, CM Tang. Commercial production of transgenic Bt insect-resistant cotton varieties and the resistance management for bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hubner). Chin Sci Bull 45:1249-1257, 2000.

32. FJ Perlak, TB Stone, YN Muskopf, LJ Petersen, GB Parker, SA McPherson, J Wyman, S Love, G Reed, D Biever, DA Fischoff. Genetically improved potatoes: protection from damage by Colorado potato beetle. Plant Mol Biol 22: 313-321, 1993.

33. P Reschke. Monsanto pulls plug on NatureMark spuds. Ontario Farmer, March 6, 2001.

34. BE Tabashnik. Evolution of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis. Annu Rev Entomol 39:47-79, 1994.

35. F Gould, A Martinez-Ramirez, A Anderson, J Ferre, FJ Silva, WJ Moar. Broad-spectrum resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxins in Heliothis virescens. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:7986-7988, 1992.

36. R Akhurst, B James, L Bird. Resistance to INGARD® cotton by the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera. Proceedings of the 10th Australian Cotton Conference, Broadbeach, Queensland, Australia, 2000.

37. YB Liu, BE Tabashnik, SK Meyer, Y Carriere, AC Baitlett. Genetics of pink bollworm resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin CrylAc. J Econ Entomol 94:248-252, 2001.

38. R Brousseau, L Massson, D Hegedus. Insecticidal transgenic plants: are they irresistible? AgBiotechNet 1:1-10, 1999. Available at http://www.agbios.com/ articles/abn022brousseau.htm

39. GP Fitt. An Australian approach to IPM in cotton: integrating new technologies to minimise insecticide dependence. Crop Prot 19:793-800, 2000.

40. D Saxena, S Flores, G Stotzky. Insecticidal toxin in root exudates from Bt-corn. Nature 402:480, 1999.

41. H Tapp, G Stotzky. Persistence of the insecticidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki in soil. Soil Biol Biochem 30:471-476, 1998.

42. A Hilbeck, M Baumgartner, PM Fried, F Bigler. Effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn-fed prey on mortality and development time of immature Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Environ Entomol 27:480-487, 1998.

43. JJ Losey, L Raynor, ME Cater. Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae. Nature 399:214, 1999.

44. FJ Perlak, RL Fuchs, DA Dean, SL McPherson, DA Fischoff, D Powell. Update: potential impacts of pollen from Bt-corn, 1999. http://www.plant. uoguelph .ca/ safefood/ gmoAjt-corn-update-nov99.htm

45. GW Warren. Vegetative insecticidal proteins: novel proteins for control of com pests. In: NB Carozzi, MG Koziel, eds. Advances in Insect Control: The Role of Transgenic Plants. New York: Taylor & Francis. 1997, pp 109-121.

46. JJ Estruch, GW Warren, MA Mullins, GJ Nye, JA Craig, MG Koziel. Vip3A, a novel Bacillus thuringiensis vegetative insecticidal protein with a wide spectrum of activities against lepidopteran pests. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:53895394, 1996.

47. S Han, JA Craig, CD Putnam, NB Carozzi, JA Tainer. Evolution and mechanism from structures of an ADP-ribosylating toxin and NAD complex. Nat Struct Biol 6:932-936, 1999.

48. RK Bhatnagar. ICGEB Activity report 1999. Mammalian biology: insect resistance. International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi, 1999. Available at http://www.icgeb.trieste.it/RESEARCH/ND/ Insectresistance99.htm

49. LMD Stewart, M Hirst, ML Ferber, AT Merryweather, PJ Cayley, RD Possee. Construction of an improved baculovirus insecticide containing an insect-specific toxin gene. Nature 352:85-88, 1991.

50. M Robins, M Le Page. Mean and green—does a deadly spider hold the key to eco-pesticides? New Sci 166:5, 2000.

51. AMR Gatehouse, JR Gatehouse. Identifying proteins with insecticidal activity: use of encoding genes to produce insect-resistant transgenic crops. Pestic Sci 52:165-175, 1998.

52. CA Ryan. Protease inhibitors in plants: genes for improving defences against insects and pathogens. Annu Rev Phytopathol 28:425-449, 1990.

53. A Mathews, DJ Llewellyn, Y Wu, ES Dennis. Isolation and characterisation of full-length cDNA clones of the giant taro (Alocasia macrorrhiza) trypsin/chy-motrypsin inhibitor. Plant Mol Biol 30:1035-1039, 1996.

54. Y Wu, DJ Llewellyn, A Mathews, ES Dennis. Adaptation of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to a proteinase inhibitor expressed in transgenic tobacco. Mol Breed 3:371-380, 1997.

55. RM Broadway. Dietary proteinase inhibitors alter complement of midgut proteases. Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 32:39-53, 1996.

56. M Bonnade-Bottino, J Lerin, B Zaccomer, L Jouanin. Physiological adaptation explains the insensitivity of Baris coerulescens to transgenic oilseed rape expressing oryzacystatin I. Insect Biochem Mol Biol 29:131-138, 1999.

57. P Lara, F Ortego, E Gonzales-Hidalgo, P Castanera, P Carbonero, I Diaz. Adaptation of Spodoptera exigua to barley trypsin inhibitor BTI/Cme expressed in transgenic tobacco. Transgen Res 9:169-178, 2000.

58. D Xu, Q Xue, D McElroy, Y Mawal, VA Hilder, R Wu. Constitutive expression of a cowpea trypsin inhibitor gene, CpTi, in transgenic rice confers resistance to two major rice insect pests. Mol Breed 2:167-173, 1996.

59. AH Atkinson, RL Heath, RJ Simpson, AE Clarke, MA Anderson. Proteinase inhibitors in Nicotiana alata are derived from a precursor protein which is processed into five homologous inhibitors. Plant Cell 5:203-213, 1993.

60. HJ Schirra, MJ Scanlon, MCS Lee, MA Anderson, DJ Craik. The solution structure of Cl-Tl, a two domain proteinase inhibitor from a circular precursor from Nicotiana alata. J Mol Biol 306:69-79, 2001.

61. RL Heath, G McDonald, JT Christeller, M Lee, K Bateman, J West, R Van-Heeswjick, MA Anderson. Proteinase inhibitors from Nicotiana alata enhance plant resistance to insect pests. J Insect Physiol 43:833-842, 1997.

62. JA Charity, MA Anderson, DJ Bittisnich, M Whitecross, TJV Higgins. Transgenic tobacco expressing a proteinase inhibitor from Nicotiana alata have increased insect resistance. Mol Breed 5:357-365, 1999.

63. M Chrispeels, M de Sa Grossi, TJV Higgins. Genetic engineering with a-amylase inhibitors makes seeds resistant to bruchids. Seed Sci Res 8:257263,1998.

64. RE Shade, HE Schroeder, JJ Pueyo, LM Tabe, LL Murdock, TJV Higgins, MJ Chrispeels. Transgenic pea seeds expressing the alpha amylase inhibitor of the common bean are resistant to bruchid beetles. Biotechnology 12:793-796, 1994.

65. HE Schroeder, S Gollasch, A Moore, LM Tabe, S Craig, DC Hardie, MJ Chrispeels, D Spencer, TJV Higgins. Bean alpha amylase inhibitor confers resistance to the pea weevil (Bruchis pisorum) in transgenic pea (Pisum sativum L.). Plant Physiol 107:1233-1239, 1995.

66. RL Morton, HE Schroeder, KS Bateman, MJ Chrispeels, E Armstrong, LM Tabe, TJV Higgins. Bean a-amylase inhibitor 1 in transgenic peas (Pisum sativum) provides complete protection from pea weevil (Bruchus pisorum) under field conditions. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97:3820-3825, 2000.

67. A Pusztai, G Grant, S Bardocz, R Alonso, MJ Chrispeels, HE Schroeder, LM Tabe, TJV Higgins. Expression of the insecticidal bean a-amylase inhibitor transgene has minimal detrimental effect on the nutritional value of peas fed to rats at 30% of the diet. J Nutr 129:1597-1603, 1999.

68. M Ishimoto, T Sato MJ, Chrispeels, K Kitamura. Bruchid resistance of transgenic azuki bean expressing seed alpha amylase inhibitor of common bean. Entomol Exp Appl 79:309-315, 1996.

69. Y Rahbe, N Sauvion, G Febvay, WJ Peumans, AMR Gatehouse. Toxicity of lectins and processing of ingested proteins in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum. Entom Exp Appl 76:143-155, 1995.

70. VA Hilder, KS Powell, AMR Gatehouse, JA Gatehouse, Y Shi, WDO Hamilton, A Merryweather, CA Newell, JC Timans, WJ Peumans, E Damme, D Boulter,

E Van Damme. Expression of snowdrop lectin in transgenic tobacco plants results in added protection against aphids. Transgen Res 4:18-25, 1995.

71. ZB Wang, SD Guo. Expression of two insect-resistant genes CrylA (b&c)/ GNA in transgenic tobacco plants results in added protection against both cotton boll worm and aphids. Chin Sci Bull 44:2051-2058, 1999.

72. SB Maqbool, S Riazuddin, NT Loc, AMR Gatehouse, JA Gatehouse, P Chris-tou. Expression of multiple insecticidal genes confers broad resistance against a range of different rice pests. Mol Breed 7:85-93, 2001.

73. D Boulter, GA Edwards, AMR Gatehouse, JA Gatehouse, VA Hilder. Additive protective effects of different plant derived insect resistance genes in transgenic tobacco plants. Crop Prot 9:351-354, 1990.

74. AMR Gatehouse, GM Davison, CA Newell, A Merryweather, WDO Hamilton, EPJ Burgess, RJC Gilbert, JR Gatehouse. Transgenic potato plants with enhanced resistance to the tomato moth, Lacanobia oleracea: growth room trials. Transgen Res 3:49-63, 1997.

75. TH Czapla. Plant lectins as insect control proteins in transgenic plants. In: NB Carozzi, MG Koziel, eds. Advances in Insect Control: The Role of Transgenic Plants. New York: Taylor & Francis. 1997, pp 123-138.

76. ANE Birch, IE Geoghegan, MEN Majerus, JW McNicol, CA Hackett, AMR Gatehouse, JA Gatehouse. Tri-trophic interactions involving pest aphids, predatory 2-spot ladybirds and transgenic potatoes expressing snowdrop lectin for aphid resistance. Mol Breed 5:75-83, 1999.

77. RE Down, L Ford, SD Woodhouse, RJM Raemaekers, B Leitch, JA Gatehouse, AMR Gatehouse. Snowdrop lectin (GNA) has no acute toxic effects on a beneficial insect predator, the 2-spot ladybird (Adalia bipunctata L.). J Insect Physiol 46:379-391, 2000.

78. HA Bell, EC Fitches, GC Marris, J Bell, JP Edwards, JA Gatehouse, AMR Gatehouse. Transgenic GNA expressing potato plants augment the beneficial biocontrol of Lacanobia oleracea (Lepidoptera; Noctuidae) by the parasitoid Eulophus pennicornis (Hymenoptera; Eulohidae). Transgen Res 10:35-42, 2001.

79. EE Hood, DR Witcher, S Maddock, T Meyer, C Baszczynski, M Bailey, P Flynn, J Register, L Marshall, D Bond, E Kulisek, A Kusnadi, R Evangelista, Z Nikolov, C Wooge, RJ Mehigh, R Hernan, WK Kappel, D Ritland, CP Li, JA Howard. Commercial production of avidin from transgenic maize: characterization of transformant, production, processing, extraction and purification. Mol Breed 3:291-306,1997.

80. KJ Kramer, TD Morgan, JE Throne, M Bailey, JA Howard. Transgenic maize expressing avidin is resistant to storage pests. Nat Biotechnol 18:670-674, 2000.

81. Z Shen, DR Corbin, JT Greenplate, RJ Grebenok, DW Galbraith, JP Purcell. Studies on the mode of action of cholesterol oxidase on insect midgut membranes. Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 34:429-442, 1997.

82. DR Corbin, JT Greenplate, EY Wong, JP Purcell. Cloning of an insecticidal cholesterol oxidase and its expression in bacteria and plant protoplasts. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:4239-4244, 1994.

83. S Chilton. Genetic engineering of plant secondary metabolism for insect protection. In: NB Carozzi, MG Koziel, eds. Advances in Insect Control: The Role of Transgenic Plants. New York: Taylor & Francis, 1997, pp 237-269.

84. J George, HP Bais, GA Ravishankar. Biotechnological production of plant-based insecticides. Crit Rev Biotechnol 20:49-77, 2000.

85. JC Thomas, DG Adams, CL Nessler, JK Brown, HJ Bohnert. Tryptophan decarboxylase, tryptamine, and reproduction of the whitefly. Plant Physiol 109: 717-720, 1995.

86. G Guillet, J Poupart, J Basurco, V De Luca. Expression of tyryptophan decarboxylase and tyrosine decarboxylase genes in tobacco results in altered biochemical and physiological phenotypes. Plant Physiol 122:933-944, 2000.

87. KN Yao, VD Luca, N Brisson. Creation of a metabolic sink for tryptophan alters the phenylpropanoid pathway and the susceptibility of potato to Phy-tophthora infestans. Plant Cell 7:1787-1799, 1995.

88. S Chavadej, N Brisson, JN McNeil, VD Luca. Redirection of tryptophan leads to production of low indole glucosinolate canola. Proc Natl Acad Sei USA 91: 2166-2170, 1994.

89. A Smigocki, JW Neal, I McCanna, L Douglass. Cytokinin-mediated insect resistance in Nicotiana plants transformed with the ipt gene. Plant Mol Biol 23:325-335, 1993.

90. A Smigocki, S Heu, G Buta. Analysis of insecticidal activity in transgenic plants carrying the ipt plant growth hormone gene. Acta Physiol Plant 22:295299, 2000.

91. R Hain, HJ Reif, E Ktause, R Langebartels, H Kindl, B Vornam, W Wiese, E Schmelzer, PH Schreier, RH Stocker, K Stenzel. Disease resistance results from foreign phytoalexin expression in a novel plant. Nature 361:153-156, 1993.

92. R Fischer, I Budde, R Hain. Stilbene synthase gene expression causes changes in flower colour and male sterility in tobacco. Plant J 11:489-498, 1997.

93. JE Thomzik, K Stenzel, R Stocker, PH Schreier, R Hain, DJ Stahl. Synthesis of a grapevine phytoalexin in transgenic tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) conditions resistance against Phytophthora infestans. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 51:265-278, 1997.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Lose Weight Today With Yoga

Lose Weight Today With Yoga

Want to lose weight but don't know where to start? Transform Your Life With The Knowledge Of The Yogi's And Begin Losing Weight Today. This guide is one of the most valuable resources you can have when learning about yoga to lose weight.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment